Prof. Mark Losego, Co-Advisor, MSE Prof. Mary Lynn Realff, Co-Advisor, MSE Prof. Julie Champion, ChBE Prof. Natalie Stingelin, ChBE/MSE Anita Mizusawa, PhD, Toray Advanced Composites
This work aims to address the research question:Can quaternary ammonium cation dendron-PDMS hybrid copolymers be utilized as surface active macromolecular additives in Sylgard 184?
In attempts to answer this question several steps were taken:
- Synthesis of a library of quaternary ammonium cation (QAC) small molecule zwitterion building blocks of different hydrophobicity (alkyl chain lengths C4, C8, C12, C16)
- Synthesis of a library of QAC bis-MPA dendrons of different branching (G1, G2 G3, G4) and different hydrophobicity (C4, C8, C12, C16) using esterification chemistry
- Synthesis of a library of QAC bis-MPA dendron-PDMS hybrid copolymers of different branching (G1, G2 G3, G4) and different hydrophobicity (C4, C8, C12, C16) using CuAAC "click" chemistry
- Development of processing and cure conditions in order to incorporate the hybrid additives into Sylgard 184
QAC bis-MPA dendrons were tested in solution for antimicrobial activity against gram negativeE. coli, gram positiveS. epidermidisand yeastS. cerevisiae. Preliminary surface testing was performed in combination with cure profile. In addition, dendron-PDMS hybrid behavior was probed via several physical characterization techniques. Ultimately, this work illustrates the first reported QAC bis-MPA type dendrons and their biocidal activity, the first reported dendron-PDMS hybrid copolymers and their behavior and preliminary studies displaying their potential use as surface active additives in Sylgard 184.