Sungmee Park

Principal Research Scientist

Contact Information


Youjiang Wang


Contact Information

MRDC-1 Room 4507

Dr. Youjiang Wang, a Professor of Polymer, Textile & Fiber Engineering, joined Georgia Tech faculty in 1989. His research interests include mechanics of composites, yarns, fabrics, and geotextiles; manufacturing processes and characterization of fibers, textiles and textile structural composites; and fiber recycling. Dr. Wang is a registered Professional Engineer in the State of Georgia, a Fellow of ASME and the Textile Institute, and a member of the Fiber Society.

Y. Wang, H.C. Wu and V.C. Li, "Concrete Reinforcement with Recycled Fibers ", Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 12, No. 4, 2000, 314-319.

Y. Wang, "A Method for Tensile Test of Geotextiles with Confining Pressure", Journal of Industrial Textiles, Vol. 30, No. 4, 2001.

Y. Wang, “Mechanical Properties of Stitched Multiaxial Fabric Reinforced Composites From Manual Layup Process”, Applied Composite Materials, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2002, 81-97.

Qiu, Y., Wang, Y., Laton, M., and Mi, J. Z., "Analysis of Energy Dissipation in Twisted Fiber Bundles under Cyclic Tensile Loading",Textile Research Journal, Vol. 72, No. 7, 2002, 585-593.

X. Shao, Y. Qiu, and Y. Wang, “Theoretical Modeling of the Tensile Behavior of Low-twist Staple Yarns: Part I- Theoretical Model; Part II- Theoretical and Experimental Results”, Journal of the Textile Institute, Vol. 96, No. 2, 2005, 61-76.

Wenshan Cai

Associate Professor, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Contact Information

Pettit MiRC Bldg., Rm 213

Dr. Cai is an Associate Professor in Materials Science and Engineering, with a joint appointment in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Prior to joining Georgia Tech in January 2012, he was a postdoctoral fellow in the Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials at Stanford University. His scientific research is in the area of nanophotonic materials and devices, in which he has made a major impact on the evolving field of plasmonics and metamaterials.

Wenshan Cai and V. M. Shalaev, Optical Metamaterials: Fundamentals and Applications, ISBN: 978-1-4419-1150-6, Springer, New York, 2010.

S. Lan, L. Kang, D. T. Schoen, S. P. Rodrigues, Y. Cui, M. L. Brongersma, and Wenshan Cai, “Backward phase-matching for nonlinear optical generation in negative-index materials,” Nature Materials, Vol. 14, No. 8, 807-811 (2015).

L. Kang, S. Lan, Y. Cui, S. P. Rodrigues, Y. Liu, D. H. Werner, and Wenshan Cai, “An active metamaterial platform for chiral responsive optoelectronics,” Advanced Materials, Vol. 27, No. 29, 4377–4383 (2015).

S. P. Rodrigues and Wenshan Cai, “Nonlinear optics: Tuning harmonics with excitons,” Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 10, No. 5, 387-388 (2015).

S. P. Rodrigues, Y. Cui, S. Lan, L. Kang, and Wenshan Cai, “Metamaterials enable chiral-selective enhancement of two-photon luminescence from quantum emitters,” Advanced Materials, Vol. 27, No. 6, 1124-1130 (2015).

L. Kang, Y. Cui, S. Lan, S. P. Rodrigues, M. L. Brongersma, and Wenshan Cai, “Electrifying photonic metamaterials for tunable nonlinear optics,” Nature Communications, Vol. 5, 4680 (2014).

S. P. Rodrigues, S. Lan, L. Kang, Y. Cui, and Wenshan Cai, “Nonlinear imaging and spectroscopy of chiral metamaterials,” Advanced Materials, Vol. 26, No. 35, 6157-6162 (2014).

Y. Cui, L. Kang, S. Lan, S. P. Rodrigues, and Wenshan Cai, “Giant chiral optical response from a twisted-arc metamaterial,” Nano Letters, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1021-1025 (2014).

W. Shin, Wenshan Cai, P. B. Catrysse , G. Veronis , M. L. Brongersma , and S. Fan, “Broadband sharp 90-degree bends and T-splitters in plasmonic coaxial waveguides,” Nano Letters, Vol. 13, No. 10, 4753-4758 (2013).

Wenshan Cai, “Viewpoint: Metal-coated waveguide stretches wavelengths to infinity (invited),” Physics, Vol. 6, No. 1, DOI: 10.1103/Physics.6.1 (2013).

F. Afshinmanesh, J. S. White, Wenshan Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, “Measurement of the polarization state of light using an integrated plasmonic polarimeter,” Nanophotonics, Vol. 1, No. 2, 125-129 (2012).

E. C. Garnett, Wenshan Cai, J. J. Cha, F. Mahmood, S. T. Connor, M. G. Christoforo, Y. Cui, M. D. McGehee, and M. L. Brongersma, “Self-limited plasmonic welding of silver nanowire junctions,” Nature Materials, Vol. 11, No. 3, 241-249 (2012).

Wenshan Cai, Y. C. Jun, and M. L. Brongersma, “Electrical control of plasmonic nanodevices,” SPIE Newsroom, DOI: 10.1117/2.1201112.004060 (2012).

J. S. Q. Liu, R. A. Pala, F. Afshinmanesh, Wenshan Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, “A submicron plasmonic dichroic splitter,” Nature Communications, Vol. 2, 525 (2011).

Wenshan Cai, A. P. Vasudev, and M. L. Brongersma, “Electrically controlled nonlinear generation of light with plasmonics,” Science, Vol. 333, No. 6050, 1720-1723 (2011).

Wenshan Cai and V. M. Shalaev, “Into the visible,” Physics World, Vol. 24, No. 7, 30-34 (2011).

I-K. Ding, J. Zhu, Wenshan Cai, S.-J. Moon, N. Cai, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Plasmonic dye-sensitized solar cells,” Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 1, No. 1, 52-57 (2011).

Wenshan Cai, W. Shin, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Elements for plasmonic nanocircuits with three-dimensional slot waveguides,” Advanced Materials, Vol. 22, No. 45, 5120-5124 (2010).

Wenshan Cai and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics gets transformed,” Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 5, No. 7, 485-486 (2010).

R. D. Kekatpure, E. S. Barnard, Wenshan Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, “Phase-coupled plasmon-induced transparency,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 104, 243902 (2010).

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, Wenshan Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nature Materials, Vol. 9, No. 3, 193-204 (2010).

L. Cao, P. Fan, A. P. Vasudev, J. S. White, Z. Yu, Wenshan Cai, J. A. Schuller, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Semiconductor nanowire optical antenna solar absorbers,” Nano Letters, Vol. 10, No. 2, 439-445 (2010).

Wenshan Cai, J. S. White, M. L. Brongersma, “Compact, high-speed and power-efficient electrooptic plasmonic modulators,” Nano Letters, Vol. 9, No. 12, 4403-4411 (2009).

A. V. Kildishev, Wenshan Cai, U. K. Chettiar, and V. M. Shalaev, “Transformation optics: approaching broadband electromagnetic cloaking,” New Journal of Physics, Vol. 10, 115029 (2008).

U. K. Chettiar, S. Xiao, A. V. Kildishev, Wenshan Cai, H.-K. Yuan, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical metamagnetism and negative-index metamaterials,” MRS Bulletin, Vol. 33, No. 10, 921-926 (2008).

Wenshan Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Designs for optical cloaking with high-order transformations,” Optics Express, Vol. 16, No. 8, 5444-5452 (2008).

V. P. Drachev, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, H.-K. Yuan, Wenshan Cai, and V. M. Shalaev, “The Ag dielectric function in plasmonic metamaterials,” Optics Express, Vol. 16, No. 2, 1186-1195 (2008).

Wenshan Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, and G. M. Milton, “Nonmagnetic cloak with minimized scattering,” Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 91, 111105 (2007).

U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, H.-K. Yuan, Wenshan Cai, S. Xiao, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Dual-band negative index metamaterial: double-negative at 813 nm and single-negative at 772 nm,” Optics Letters, Vol. 32, No. 12, 1671-1673 (2007).

Wenshan Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nature Photonics, Vol. 1, No. 4, 224-227 (2007).

Wenshan Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, V. C. de Silva, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metamagnetics with rainbow colors,” Optics Express, Vol. 15, No. 6, 3333-3341 (2007).

H.-K. Yuan, U. K. Chettiar, Wenshan Cai, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “A negative permeability material at red light,” Optics Express, Vol. 15, No. 3, 1076-1083 (2007).

A. V. Kildishev, Wenshan Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative refractive index in optics of metal-dielectric composites,” Journal of the Optical Society of America B, Vol. 23, No. 3, 423-433 (2006).

V. P. Drachev, Wenshan Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, A. V. Kildishev, G. Klimeck, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental verification of an optical negative-index material,” Laser Physics Letters, Vol. 3, No. 1, 49-55 (2006).

Wenshan Cai, D. A. Genov and V. M. Shalaev, “Superlens based on metal-dielectric composites,” Physical Review B, Vol. 72, 193101 (2005).

V. M. Shalaev, Wenshan Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Negative index of refraction in optical metamaterials,” Optics Letters, Vol. 30, No. 24, 3356-3358 (2005).

Mary Lynn Realff

Associate Professor & Assoc. Chair for Undergrad Programs

Contact Information

MRDC 4510

Dr. Mary Lynn Realff is an Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech). She received her BS Textile Engineering from Georgia Tech and her PhD in Mechanical Engineering and Polymer Science & Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). At Georgia Tech, she teaches graduate and undergraduate courses in the mechanics of textile structures and polymer science areas. Dr. Realff has made a significant contribution to the understanding of the mechanical behavior of woven fabrics.

Grad Students


Thomas H. Sanders, Jr.

Regents' Professor
Sanders, Jr.

Contact Information

LOVE 268

Dr. Sanders joined the faculty at Georgia Tech after serving 5 years as a Materials Science and Engineering faculty member at Purdue University. He has worked as a Research Scientist at Alcoa Technical Center (1974-78) and the Mechanical  Properties Research Laboratory at Georgia Tech (1979-1980).

Grad Students

Sanders, Jr.

Robert Speyer


Contact Information

Love 260

Dr. Speyer joined the MSE faculty in August, 1992 after serving on the faculty at the New York State College of Ceramics at Alfred University for six years.  He has written one book (Thermal Analysis of Materials), with another one on the way, published over 125 refereed papers and has given over 150 technical presentations.  His present research group consists of seven graduate students and one Ph.D-level scientist. Dr.

Grad Students

Boron Carbide Armor

Boron carbide is of great importance to the military for lightweight personal armor, and has saved countless American lives in both the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts. The armor plates used for this application are hot-pressed, preferred by the fact that ballistic performance is strongly related to a close approach to theoretical density, and the belief that B4C, as other refractory covalent ceramics, does not sinter well.

Research by Prof. Speyer and his students over the past five years have shown this belief to be false. Using a specially-built differential dilatometer capable of heating to well over 2500°C, in-situ measurements of contraction, CTE, weight loss, and particle size have permitted elucidation of the concurrent particle coarsening processes which attenuate the driving forces for sintering. This fundamental understanding permitted use of selected flowing atmospheres at specific temperatures, and a multi-step thermal schedule, which circumvents these coarsening processes, resulting in fired densities comparable to those obtained with hot pressing.

Beyond the economies associated with pressureless sintering, the great advantage of this development is the ability to cast and sinter dense parts of complex shape. The U.S. Army Soldier Systems Center in Natick MA, as well as the Army Research Slip cast B4C green body thigh protection plate. Laboratory in Aberdeen MD have shown a great interest in this technology for their next-generation body armor, which is of a more contoured shape that cannot be formed by gang-hot pressing, as well as helmets and other body-part protection systems. More recently, pressureless-sintered specimens have been post-hot isostatically pressed to 100% of theoretical density, giving it a higher density and Vicker's hardness than commercially hot-pressed B4C, yet complex shapes can still be formed and retained. Slip casting and injection molding technologies have been developed in Dr. Speyer's laboratory to form B4C helmets and shin/thigh plates.
DARPA is funding Dr. Speyer's laboratory to develop pressureless sintering methods for nano-scale powders. [H. Lee, W. S. Hackenberger, and R. F. Speyer, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 85 [8] 2131-2133 (2002), H. Lee and R. F. Speyer, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 86 [9] 1468-1473 (2003), N. Cho, Z. Bao, and R. F. Speyer, J. Mat. Res., 20 [8] 2110 -16 (2005).]

Prior to the consolidation of the Ceramic, Metallurgical, and Polymer disciplines into Materials Science and Engineering, each undergraduate program entrusted classic texts to cover much of their curriculum—e.g. Kingery, Bowman, and Uhlmann's Introduction to Ceramics for Ceramists, Reed-Hill's Physical Metallurgy Principles for Metallurgists, and Rodriguiz's Principles of Polymer Systems for Polymer Scientists. To date, there is no textbook which evenly covers the combined undergraduate discipline of Materials Engineering, beyond the introductory level (e.g. books by Callister and Shackleford, which were generally written with non-materials majors as their primary audience). Materials Engineering is written with the care and patience to be the book of our discipline. This book will be important in a number of respects. Many of our prominent textbooks are out of, or going out of print, and are not being replaced by other books covering our core topics. Books that remain in print, by and large still follow the tracks of the three disciplines, imposing redundancy in presented concepts to MSE courses which follow them. With a merged curriculum, a variety of topics must be omitted to fit a four year program, which encouraged by the available textbooks, leads to choppy coverage. Materials Engineering carefully condenses and interrelates topics, so that from its efficient coverage, a breadth of topics remain well -treated as a logically-developing story. This, in turn, clears room in a curriculum for classes dealing with the cutting edge (nano and bio-materials), while a foundation based on the classical wisdom of our discipline is retained. These goals are facilitated by clear and vivid artwork, which imbue clarity with fewer words, decorating well-written chapters. The book would serve two purposes in an undergraduate curriculum. The first 5-6 chapters follow the perfection-to -imperfection progression popularly used in introductory materials texts, but in greater depth. These chapters would cover fewer topics than in the non-major course, but in great enough detail that they would not need to be repeated in courses later in the undergraduate program, in turn facilitating course consolidation. Chapters 7 nucleationthrough 11 are individually long chapters, each of which cover the major content of individual courses in the undergraduate program. This book will thus decrease the number of textbooks imposed on student budgets, and provide a friendly, unified and interconnected treatment of these topics as students work their way through the curriculum. It is expected that the book will be ready in about three years, and will have a significant impact on the Materials community.

Bridgman Crystal Growth

Dr. Speyer's group has designed and built two Bridgman single-crystal growth furnaces for TRS Ceramics for the fabrication of PMN single-crystal actuators. These actuators display ten times the displacement for a given voltage as compared to polycrystalline ceramics of the same composition. The system has sixteen independently controlled heating zones, permitting the implementation of exotic temperature gradients along the crucible, which is lowered and rotated using high-precision stepper motors. Fifty seven thermocouples are used for furnace feedback control and monitoring, including two thermocouples on the rotating stand in direct crucible contact, connected through rotary mercury contacts. The system is designed to pull crystals either by mechanical lowering (over a period of two weeks) or through morphing of the temperature profile. The software developed by Dr. Speyer has permitted a wide variety of optimization experiments to be undertaken. Based on development with these systems, TRS has been able to zone-melt single -crystal actuators so that large boules of uniform composition and hence properties may be formed. Dr. Speyer’s group has since designed a new Bridgman furnace for TRS which has a 12 mm melt zone, which will further advance the perfection and yield of these single crystals.

Thermal Analysis of Materials Textbook

This text/reference book is in its second printing, and is an essential text for the new owners of thermoanalytical instrumentation. The book bases its treatment on elementary physical chemistry, heat transfer, materials properties, and device engineering. It stands apart from other books in the field since it develops a fundamental intuition into the nuances of such instrumentation, rather than an serving as an enumeration of literature citations. The book starts with the basic concepts of heat flow, temperature measurement, furnace design, feedback control logic and electronics. The longest, and most detailed chapter follows on differential thermal analysis. It dispels much confusion about differential thermal analysis versus differential scanning calorimetry, and details the experimental methodology required to generate reproducible transformation temperatures, as well as thermodynamic and kinetic data purged of instrumental effects. The manipulation of data chapter shows how programming languages can be used to numerically differentiate, integrate, etc., thermoanalytical (and other) data. Chapters on thermogravimetry and advanced applications show how thermoanalytical data can be fit to phenomenological models to deconvolute superimposed reactions, and measure phase equilibria in multicomponent systems. The dilatometry/interferometry chapter develops topics for the most industrially relevant thermoanalytical instruments, used for thermal expansion matching of various components of a high-temperature system. The pyrometry and thermal conductivity chapters detail the radiative properties of materials at very high temperatures, and how this can be exploited for contactless temperature measurement. This treatment also fills an important gap in undergraduate engineering education, in which a great majority of undergraduate students study heat transfer calculations, but are less informed on how to perform heat transfer measurements, e.g. determining thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, and radiant emittance. [R. F. Speyer, Thermal Analysis of Materials, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1994.]

Radiant Efficiency of Gas Radiant Emitters

The articles which comprise this work describe the development of a one-of-a-kind evaluation facility, which was used to elucidate the necessary features of high efficiency gas radiant burners. These burners act as gas light bulbs—a fuel air mixture ignites just-downstream of a porous ceramic or refractory metal membrane, convecting heat to the solid surface which in turn radiates to a load. Using a fused silica capillary on a computer-controlled mobile stage feeding a quadrapole mass spectrometer, the flow rates and mixtures which encouraged flame liftoff could be clearly determined. Using a spectral radiometer and a numerical optimization routine, the temperatures and emittances of radiating surfaces could be accurately determined. By comparing the spectral emittance of CO2 combustion products and solid surfaces, the temperature differences between burner and exiting gas were determined, and used to explain the differences in efficiencies of a variety of commercial emitters. The role of flame support layers was divulged using specially-built burners with variable fraction closed areas. By comparing to heat transfer models, it was shown that these layers functioned to extract additional heat of combustion from exhaust gases, and increased efficiency up to the point where they excessively blocked direct radiation from the burner surface to the load. These papers displayed some excellent science, which at the same time has had direct and significant impact on the radiant burner industry, affecting emitter design and market share. [R. F. Speyer, W. Lin, and G. Agarwal, Experimental Heat Transfer, 8 [1] (1995), 9 213-245 (1996), 9 247-255 (1996).]

Rate Controlled Sintering

The concept of rate controlled sintering (RCS) was originally conceived by Palmour; furnace power is feedback controlled based on the sintering shrinkage rate of a powder compact. The significance of Dr. Speyer's work was in the development of instrumentation and software which purged experimental results of instrumental anomalies, so that the true merit of RCS could be proven. A purely radiant heating environment was used so that a much wider range of RCS schedules were possible. Dilation probe-induced specimen creep, residual sintering at the end of RCS, and thermocouple/ specimen temperature differences were eliminated by novel instrument design. Firing schedules to exacting sintered densities could be accomplished by in-situ software corrections for specimen dilation during sintering. Using pure ZnO as example, RCS was shown to form superior microstructures (minimum grain size and intragranular pore frequency) by following the most efficient thermal schedule required to achieve a desired level of densification—minimizing the time and thermal energy required for grain boundary movement. [G. Agarwal and R. F. Speyer, J. Mat. Res, 11 [3] 671-679 (1996).]

Three-Dimensional Rendering of Ternary Phase Equilibria

A software package was developed which generates a 3-dimensional ternary phase diagram representing liquidus, sub-liquidus, and solidus surfaces of the calcia-alumina-silica system, and allows user manipulation of the diagram to any selected viewpoint. A specific composition on the Gibbs triangle may be user selected, from which a rendering of the appropriate surfaces in the 3-dimensional object are rendered, as well as a user-interactive isoplethal study for that composition. A further feature is a movie-like continuously-changing rendering of isothermal sections with decreasing temperature. Both isoplethal studies and isothermal sections are user-interactive through the mouse position, generating compositions of phases and relative proportions at selected overall compositions and temperatures. The software functions as a powerful teaching tool in the visualization and understanding of ternary phase equilibria. When a description of the software was published in the American Ceramic Society Bulletin, over fifty requests for the software were immediately requested and provided. [R. F. Speyer, J. Phase Equilib., 17 [3] 186-195 (1996), Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull., 74 [11] 80-83 (1996)].

Deconvolution of Superimposed DTA/DSC Peaks

Deconvolution of superimposed x-ray diffraction peaks is an established and valuable procedure. In this paper, Dr. Speyer developed the mathematical models for fusion and decomposition reactions so that superimposed DTA/DSC endotherms could be deconvoluted using numerical optimization methods. In so doing, hidden onset temperatures, and the kinetic/thermodynamic parameters of parallel reactions can be elucidated using thermal analysis. [ R. F. Speyer, J. Mat. Res., 8 [3] 675-679 (1993).]

Fusion Paths of Complex Glass Batches with Reaction Accelerants

This work evaluated the reaction paths of five component glass batches (sand, soda ash, calcite, dolomite and feldspar) with reaction accelerants (e.g. NaCl). DTA traces of such batches have historically been of little use owing to their complexity. The merit of this work is the demonstrated methodology by which the individual reactions making up the trace could be elucidated using simultaneous thermal analysis (DTA and TG) of pairs, triples, etc. of batch constituents, x-ray diffraction, and deductive reasoning. The work showed the importance of dolomite in causing the first-formed liquid phase, and the local equilibria between the liquid phase and the sodium silicate phases surrounding remnant quartz. The glass industry has held this work in high regard, and is now an important procedure in their efforts to alter batch compositions to increase pull rates. [K. S. Hong and R. F. Speyer, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 76 [3] 598-604 (1993), 76 [3] 605-608 (1993), M. E. Savard and R. F. Speyer, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 76 [3] 671-677 (1993).]

Zhong Lin Wang

Hightower Chair in MSE, Regents' Professor, Adjunct Professor Chemistry and Biochemistry, Adjunct Professor ECE

Contact Information

RBI 273A

Summary of Z.L. Wang’ Achievements

Grad Students

Donggang Yao


Contact Information

MRDC-1 4407

Dr. Donggang Yao is a Professor in the School of Materials Science and Engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology. He teaches and directs research in the broad area of polymer engineering.

  1. D. Yao, "Constitutive modeling of complex interfaces based on a differential interfacial energy function", Rheologia Acta, Published online: 07 January 2011 (2011).
  2. P. Dai, W. Zhang, Y. Pan, J. Chen, Y. Wang, and D. Yao, "Processing of single polymer composites with undercooled polymer melt", Composites B: Engineering, In press (2011).
  3. P. Nagarajan and D. Yao, "Uniform shell patterning using rubber-assisted hot embossing process - Part I: Experimental", Polymer Engineering & Science, Vol. 51, No. 3, pp. 592-600 (2011).
  4. P. Nagarajan and D. Yao, "Uniform shell patterning using rubber-assisted hot embossing process - Part II: Process analysis", Polymer Engineering & Science, Vol. 51, No. 3, pp. 601-608 (2011).
  5. R. Li, D. Yao, Q. Sun, and Y. Deng, "Fusion bonding of supercooled poly(ethylene terephthalate) between Tg and Tm”, Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 119, No. 5, pp. 3101-3112 (2011).

David McDowell

Carter N. Paden Jr. Distinguished Chair in Metals Processing and Regents' Professor, Executive Director, Georgia Tech Institute for Materials

Contact Information

RBI 415

Regents’ Professor and Carter N. Paden, Jr. Distinguished Chair in Metals Processing, Dave McDowell joined Georgia Tech in 1983 and holds a dual appointment in the GWW School of Mechanical Engineering and the School of Materials Science and Engineering. He served as Director of the Mechanical Properties Research Laboratory from 1992-2012. In 2012 he was named Founding Director of the Institute for Materials (IMat), one of Georgia Tech’s Interdisciplinary Research Institutes charged with fostering an innovation ecosystem for research and education.

  • Mechanics of materials and computational materials science
  • Simulation-based design of materials
  • Constitutive laws and multiscale modeling

1. Tschopp, M.A., Spearot, D.E., and McDowell, D.L.,“Influence of Grain Boundary Structure on Dislocation Nucleation in FCC Metals,” Dislocations in Solids, A Tribute to F.R.N. Nabarro, Ed. J.P. Hirth, Elsevier Publ., Vol. 14, 2008, pp. 43-139.
2. McDowell, D.L. and Olson, G.B., “Concurrent Design of Hierarchical Materials and Structures,” Scientific Modeling and Simulation (CMNS), Vol. 15, No. 1, 2008, p. 207.
3. McDowell, D.L., “Viscoplasticity of Heterogeneous Metallic Materials,” Materials Science and Engineering R: Reports, Vol. 62, Issue 3, 2008, pp. 67-123.
4. Derlet, P.M., Gumbsch, P., Hoagland, R., Li, J., McDowell, D.L., Van Swygenhoven, H., and Wang, J., “Atomistic simulations of dislocations in confined volumes,” MRS Bulletin., Vol. 34, No. 3, 2009, pp. 184-189.
5. Przybyla, C.P. and McDowell, D.L.,“Microstructure-Sensitive Extreme Value Probabilities for High Cycle Fatigue of Ni-Base Superalloy IN100,” International Journal of Plasticity, Vol. 26, No. 3, 2010, pp. 372-394.
6. Tucker, G.J., Zimmerman, J.A., and McDowell, D.L., “Shear Deformation Kinematics of Bicrystalline Grain Boundaries in Atomistic Simulations,” Modeling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2010, 015002.
7. McDowell, D.L. and Dunne, F.P.E.,“Microstructure-Sensitive Computational Modeling of Fatigue Crack Formation,”International Journal of Fatigue, Special Issue on Emerging Frontiers in Fatigue, Vol. 32, No. 9, 2010, pp. 1521-1542.
8. McDowell, D.L., “A Perspective on Trends in Multiscale Plasticity,” International Journal of Plasticity, special issue in honor of David L. McDowell, Vol. 26, No. 9, 2010, pp. 1280-1309.
9. Austin, R.A. and McDowell, D.L., “A Viscoplastic Constitutive Model for Polycrystalline fcc Metals at Very High Rates of Deformation,” International of Plasticity, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2011, pp. 1-24.
10. Tucker, G.J. and McDowell, D.L., “Non-Equilibrium Grain Boundary Structure and Inelastic Deformation using Atomistic Simulations,”International Journal of Plasticity, Vol. 27, No. 6, 2011, pp. 841-857.
11. Mayeur, J.R., McDowell, D.L., and Bammann, D.J., “Dislocation-Based Micropolar Single Crystal Plasticity: Comparison of Multi- and Single-Criterion Theories,” Journal of Mechanics and Physics of Solids,  Vol. 59, No. 2, 2011, pp. 398-422.
12. Xiong, L., Tucker, G.J., McDowell, D.L., and Chen, Y.,“Coarse-Grained Atomistic Simulation of Dislocations,” Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Vol. 59, 2011, pp. 160-177.
13. McDowell, D.L., Ghosh, S., and Kalidindi, S.R.,“Representation and Computational Structure-Property Relations of Random Media,” JOM, Vol. 63, No. 3, 2011, pp. 45-51.
14. Przybyla, C.P. and McDowell, D.L., “Simulated Microstructure-Sensitive Extreme Value Probabilities for High Cycle Fatigue of Duplex Ti-6Al-4V,” International Journal of Plasticity, Special Issue in Honor or Nobutada Ohno, Vol. 27, No. 12, 2011, pp. 1871-1895.
15. Mayeur, J.R., and McDowell, D.L., “Bending of Single Crystal Thin Films as Predicted by Micropolar Crystal Plasticity,” special issue of the Int. J. Engineering Science in memorium to C. Eringen, Vol. 49, 2011, pp. 1357-1366.
16. Przybyla, C.P. and McDowell, D.L., “Microstructure-Sensitive Extreme Value Probabilities of High Cycle Fatigue for Surface vs. Subsurface Crack Formation in Duplex Ti-6Al-4V,” Acta Materialia, Vol. 60, No. 1, 2012, pp. 293-305.
17. Tucker, G.J., Zimmerman, J.A., and McDowell, D.L., “Continuum Metrics for Deformation and Microrotation from Atomistic Simulations: Application to Grain Boundaries,” special issue of the Int. J. Engineering Science in memoriam to C. Eringen, Vol. 49, 2011, pp. 1424-1434.
18. Svoboda, J., Fischer, F.D., and McDowell, D.L, “Derivation of the Phase Field Equations from the Thermodynamic Extremal Principle,” Acta Materialia, Vol. 60, No. 1, 2012, pp. 396-406.
19. Patra, A. and McDowell, D.L., “Crystal Plasticity-Based Constitutive Modeling of Irradiated bcc Structures,” Philosophical Magazine, Vol. 92, No. 7, 2012, pp. 861-887.
20. Xiong, L., Deng, Q., Tucker, G.J., McDowell, D.L., and Chen, Y., “A Concurrent Scheme for Passing Dislocations from Atomistic to Continuum Regions,” Acta Materialia, Vol. 60, No. 3, 2012, pp. 899-913.
21. Tucker, G.J., Tiwari, S., Zimmerman, J.A., and McDowell, D.L., “Investigating the Deformation of Nanocrystalline Copper with Microscale Kinematic Metrics and Molecular Dynamics,” Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Vol. 60, No. 3, 2012, pp. 471-486.
22. Austin, R.A. and McDowell, D.L., “Parameterization of a Rate-Dependent Model of Shock-Induced Plasticity for Copper, Nickel and Aluminum,” Int. J. Plasticity, Vol.32-33, 2012, pp. 134-154.
23. Wang, W., Zhong, Y., Lu, K., Lu, L, McDowell, D.L., and Zhu, T.,”Size Effects and Strength Fluctuation in Nanoscale Plasticity,” Acta Materialia, Vol. 60, 2012, pp. 3302-3309.
24. Austin, R.A., McDowell, D.L., and Benson, D.J., “Mesoscale Simulation of Shock Wave Propagation in Discrete Ni/Al Powder Mixtures,  J. Applied Physics, Vol. 111, No. 12, 2012, pp. 123511-123511-9.
25. Castelluccio, G.M. and McDowell, D.L., “Assessment of Small Fatigue Crack Growth Driving Forces in Single Crystals with and without Slip Bands, Int. Journal of Fracture, Vol. 176, No. 1, 2012, pp. 49-64.
26. Panchal, J.H., Kalidindi, S.R., and McDowell, D.L., “Key Computational Modeling Issues in ICME,” Computer-Aided Design, Vol. 45, No. 1, 2013, pp. 4–25.
27. Xiong, L., McDowell, D.L., and Chen, Y., “Nucleation and Growth of Dislocation Loops in Cu, Al and Si by a Coupled Atomistic-Continuum Method,” Scripta Materialia, Vol. 67, 2012, pp. 633-636.
28. Patra, A. and McDowell, D.L., “Continuum Modeling of Localized Deformation in Irradiated bcc Materials,” Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 432, No. 1-3,  2013, pp. 414–427.
29. Tiwari, S., Tucker, G.J. and McDowell, D.L., “Simulated defect growth avalanches during elastic-plastic deformation of Nanocrystalline Cu,” Philosophical Magazine, Vol. 93, No. 5, 2013, pp. 478-498.
30. Castelluccio, G.M. and McDowell, D.L., “Effect of Annealing Twins on Crack Initiation under High Cycle Fatigue Conditions,” Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 48 no. 6, 2013, pp. 2376-2387. 
31. Mayeur, J.R. and McDowell, D.L., “An Evaluation of Higher-Order Single Crystal Strength Models for Constrained Thin Films Subjected to Simple Shear,” Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Vol. 61, No. 9, 2013, pp. 1935-1954.
32. Clayton, J.D., Hartley, C.S., and McDowell, D.L., “The Missing Term in the Decomposition of Finite Deformation,” International Journal of Plasticity, Vol. 52, 2014, pp. 51-76.
33. Salajegheh, N. and McDowell, D.L., “Microstructure-Sensitive Weighted Probability Approach for Modeling Surface to Bulk Transition of High Cycle Fatigue Failures Dominated by Primary Inclusions,” International Journal of Fatigue, Vol. 59, 2014, pp. 188-199.
34. Xiong, L., McDowell, D.L., and Chen, Y., “Sub-THz Phonon Drag on Dislocations by Coarse-grained Atomistic Simulations,” International Journal of Plasticity, Vol. 55, 2014, pp. 268–278.
35. Ellis, B.D., DiPaolo, B.P., McDowell, D.L., and Zhou, M., “Experimental investigation and multiscale modeling of Ultra-High-Performance Concrete panels subject to blast loading,” Int. J. Impact Engineering, Vol. 69, 2014, pp. 95-103.
36. Austin, R.A., McDowell, D.L., and Benson, D.J., “The deformation and mixing of several Ni/Al powders under shock wave loading: effects of initial configuration,” Modeling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 22, 2014, p. 025018.
37. Castelluccio, G.M., and McDowell, D.L., “A Mesoscale Approach for Growth of 3D Microstructurally Small Fatigue Cracks in Polycrystals,” Int. J. Damage Mechanics, 2013, doi:10.1177/1056789513513916.
38. Narayanan, S., McDowell, D.L., and Zhu, T., “Crystal Plasticity Model for BCC Iron Atomistically Informed by Kinetics of Correlated Kinkpair Nucleation on Screw Dislocations,” Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Vol. 65, 2014, pp. 54-68.
39. Mayeur, J.R. and McDowell, D.L., “A Comparison of Gurtin-Type and Micropolar Single Crystal Plasticity with Generalized Stresses,” International Journal of Plasticity, Vol. 57, 2014, pp. 29-51.
40. Castelluccio, G.M., Musinski, W.D. and McDowell, D.L., “Recent Development in Assessing Microstructure-Sensitive Early Stage Fatigue of Polycrystals,” Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science,
41. Castelluccio, G.M., and McDowell, D.L., "Mesoscale Modeling of Microstructurally Small Fatigue Cracks in Metallic Polycrystals," Mat. Sci. Eng. A, Vol. 598, No. 26, 2014, pp. 34-55.
42. Dong, X., McDowell, D.L., Kalidindi, S.R., and Jacob, K.I., “Dependence of mechanical properties on crystal orientation of semi-crystalline polyethylene structures,” Polymer, 2014,
43. Patra, A., Zhu, T. and McDowell, D.L., “Constitutive equations for modeling non-Schmid effects in single crystal bcc-Fe at low and ambient temperatures,” Int. J. Plasticity, doi10.1016/j.ijplas.2014.03.016.

Meilin Liu

Regents' Professor & Associate Chair - Academics

Contact Information

LOVE 258

Dr. Liu's primary interests lie in fundamental understanding of the effect of structure, defects, and microstructure on transport and electrical properties of surfaces and interfaces. In particular, he is interested in developing new materials for energy storage and conversion, for chemical sensing, and for hydrogen production and separation In addition, he is interested in mathematical modeling of mass and charge transport in solid electrochemical systems and polarization at interfaces.

  • Samson Lai
  • Dongchang Chen

Researcher ID:

Google Scholar Citations:

Review Articles

  1. Yubo Chen, Wei Zhou, Dong Ding, Meilin Liu*, Francesco Ciucci, Moses Tade, and Zongping Shao*, Advances in cathode materials for solid oxide fuel cells: complex oxides without alkaline earth metal elements, Advanced Energy Materials, 2015, 5, 1500537. DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201500537
  2. B. Zhao, R. Ran, M. Liu*, and Z. Shao*, A comprehensive review of Li4Ti5O12-based electrodes for lithium-ion batteries: the latest advancements and future perspectives, Materials Science and Engineering Report , 2015 | doi:10.1016/j.mser.2015.10.001
  3. Chao Su, Wei Wang, Meilin Liu*, Moses O. Tade, and Zongping Shao*, Progress and Prospects in Symmetrical Solid Oxide Fuel Cells with Two Identical Electrodes, Advanced Energy Materials, 2015 |
  4. Dong Ding, Xiaxi Li, Samson Lai, Kirk Gerdes, and Meilin Liu*, Enhancing SOFC Cathode Performance by Surface Modification through Infiltration, Energy Environ. Sci. , 2014, 7, 552-575.
  5. Ruiguo Cao, Jang-Soo Lee, Meilin Liu*, and Jaephil Cho*, Recent Progress in Non-precious Catalysts for Metal-air Batteries, Advanced Energy Materials, 2012, 2, 816-829.
  6. Meilin Liu, M. Lynch, K. Blinn, F. Alamgir, and Y. Choi, “Rational SOFC Material Design: New Advances and Tools”, Materials Today, November, 2011, Vol. 14, 534-546.
  7. M. K. Song, S. J. Park, F. Alamgir, J. P. Cho, and Meilin Liu, “Nanostructured Electrodes for Li-Ion and Li-Air Batteries: the Latest Development, Challenges, and Perspectives”, Materials Science Engineering: R: Reports, 2011, 72, 203-252.
  8. Z. Cheng, J. H. Wang, Y. M. Choi, L. Yang, M. C. Lin, and Meilin Liu, “From Ni-YSZ to Sulfur-Tolerant Anodes: Electrochemical Behavior, Modeling, In Situ Characterization, and Perspectives”, Energy and Environmental SciencePerspective Review, 2011, 4, 4380-4409. DOI:10.1039/C1EE01758F.
  9. J. S. Lee, S. T. Kim, R. G. Cao, N. S. Choi, Meilin Liu. K. T. Lee, J. Cho, “Metal–Air Batteries with High Energy Density: Li–Air versus Zn–Air”, Advanced Energy Materials1(1), 34-50, 2011. (DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201000010).
  10. L. Besra and Meilin Liu, “A review on fundamentals and applications of electrophoretic deposition (EPD)”, Progress in Materials Science, 52, 1-61, 2007.
  11. Y. M. Choi, D. S. Mebane, J.-H. Wang, Meilin Liu, "Continuum and Quantum-Chemical Modeling of Oxygen Reduction on the Cathode in a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell," Topics in Catalysis46 (3-4), 386-401 (2007).

Book Chapters

1. Chendong Zuo, Mingfei Liu, and Meilin Liu, Chapter 2 - Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, in Sol-Gel Processing for Conventional and Alternative Energy, Advances in Sol-Gel Derived Materials and Technology (Editor: Lisa Klein), Springer Science, NY 2012. pp. 7-36. ISBN 978-1-4614-1956-3; e-SBN 978-1-4614-1957-0; DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-1957-0

2. Heon-Cheol Shin and Meilin Liu, “Preparation of Hierarchial (Nano/Meso/Macro) Porous Structures Using Electrochemical Deposition”, in Progress in Corrosion Science and Engineering IIModern Aspects of Electrochemistry, 2012, Chapter 4, Volume 47, 297-330, DOI:10.1007/978-1-4419-6678-4_4

3. J. H. Wang, Y. M. Choi, and M. Liu, "Quantum Chemical Calculations of Surface and Interfacial Reactions in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells," In Quantum Chemical Calculations of Surfaces and Interfaces of Materials (Editors: V. A. Basiuk and P. Ugliengo), Chapter 14, p. 289-304, American Scientific Publishers, Los Angeles 2009.

4. Ying Liu and Meilin Liu, “Nanostructured Electrodes Prepared by Combustion CVD for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Lithium-Ion Batteries, and Gas Sensors”, in Nanomaterials for Energy Storage Applications (Editor: Hari Singh Nalwa), Chapter 4, p. 130-155, American Scientific Publishers, Los Angeles 2009.

5. Z. Cheng, J. H. Wang, and M. Liu, “Anodes”, in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Materials Properties and Performance (Editors: J. W. Fergus, R. Hui, X. G. Li, D. P. Wilkinson, and J. J. Zhang), Chapter 2, p.73-130, CRC Press 2008.

6. Zhong Shi and Meilin Liu, “Electrical and Electrochemical Analysis of Nanophase Materials”, In Characterization of Nanophase Materials (Editor: Z. L. Wang), Chapter 6, p. 165-197, Wiley-VCH, Germany, 2000.

Other Selected Publications

  1. Renzong Hu, Dongchang Chen, Gordon Waller, Yunpeng Ouyang, Yu Chen, Bote Zhao, Ben Rainwater, Chenghao Yang, Min Zhu,* Meilin Liu*, Dramatically enhanced reversibility of Li2O in SnO2-basedelectrodes: the effect of nanostructure on high initial reversible capacity, Energy Environ. Sci.,9, 595-603 (2016).
  2. Chen, Dongchang, Xunhui Xiong, Bote Zhao, Mahmoud A. Mahmoud, Mostafa A. El‐Sayed, and Meilin Liu. "Probing Structural Evolution and Charge Storage Mechanism of NiO2Hx Electrode Materials using In Operando Resonance Raman Spectroscopy." Advanced Science 2016, 1500433. DOI: 10.1002/advs.201500433
  3. Xiaomin Xu, Yubo Chen, Wei Zhou, Zhonghua Zhu, Chao Su, Meilin Liu*, Zongping Shao*, “A Perovskite Electrocatalyst for Efficient Hydrogen Evolution Reaction” Advanced Materials (2016).
  4. Bote Zhao, Xiang Deng, Ran Ran, Meilin Liu, and Zongping Shao. "Facile Synthesis of a 3D Nanoarchitectured Li4Ti5O12 Electrode for Ultrafast Energy Storage", Advanced Energy Materials, 6, no. 4 (2016).
  5. Wu, Jiabin, Xiang Gao, Huimin Yu, Tianpeng Ding, Yixin Yan, Bin Yao, Xu Yao, Dongchang Chen, Meilin Liu, and Liang Huang. "A Scalable Free‐Standing V2O5/CNT Film Electrode for Supercapacitors with a Wide Operation Voltage (1.6 V) in an Aqueous Electrolyte." Advanced Functional Materials (2016).
  6. Zhu, Liang, Yu Liu, Chao Su, Wei Zhou, Meilin Liu, and Zongping Shao. "Perovskite SrCo0. 9Nb0. 1O3− δ as an Anion‐Intercalated Electrode Material for Supercapacitors with Ultrahigh Volumetric Energy Density." Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed.(2016).
  7. Chen, Yu, Yunfei Bu, Bote Zhao, Yanxiang Zhang, Dong Ding, Renzong Hu, Tao Wei et al. "A durable, high-performance hollow-nanofiber cathode for intermediate-temperature fuel cells." Nano Energy 26 (2016): 90-99.
  8. Chong Qu, Yang Jiao, Bote Zhao, Dongchang Chen, Ruqiang Zou, Krista S. Walton,  Meilin Liu “Nickel-based pillared MOFs for high-performance supercapacitors: design, synthesis and stability study”, Nano Energy, (2016): 66-73.
  9. Xunhui Xiong, Bote Zhao, Dong Ding, Dongchang Chen, Chenghao Yang, Yong Lei, Meilin Liu,* “One-step synthesis of architectural Ni3S2 nanosheet-on-nanorods array as high-performance electrodes for supercapacitors”, NPG Asia Materials, (2016)
  10. Hu, Renzong, Yunpeng Ouyang, Dongchang Chen, Hui Wang, Yu Chen, Min Zhu, and Meilin Liu. "Inhibiting Sn coarsening to enhance the reversibility of conversion reaction in lithiated SnO 2 anodes by application of super-elastic NiTi films." Acta Materialia 109 (2016): 248-258.
  11. Y. Qin, J. Yuan, J. Li, D. Chen, Y. Kong, F. Chu, Y. Tao, M. Liu*, Crosslinking Graphene Oxide into Robust Three-dimensional Porous N-doped Graphene, Advanced Materials, 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/adma.20150173.Y. Zhu, W. Zhou, Y. Chen, J. Yu, M. Liu* and Z. Shao*, A High-Performance Electrocatalyst
  12. for Oxygen Evolution Reaction: LiCo0.8Fe0.2O2, Advanced Materials, 2015 | 10.1002/adma.201503532
  13. Yubo Chen, Wei Zhou, Dong Ding, Meilin Liu*, Francesco Ciucci, Moses Tade, and Zongping Shao*, Advances in cathode materials for solid oxide fuel cells: complex oxides without alkaline earth metal elements, Advanced Energy Materials, 2015, 5, 1500537. DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201500537
  14. Chao Su, Wei Wang, Meilin Liu*, Moses O. Tade, and Zongping Shao*, Progress and Prospects in Symmetrical Solid Oxide Fuel Cells with Two Identical Electrodes, Advanced Energy Materials, 2015 |
  15. Yinlong Zhu, Wei Zhou*, Ran Ran, Yubo Chen, Zongping Shao, Meilin Liu*, Promotion of oxygen reduction by exsolved silver nanoparticles on a perovskite scaffold for low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells , Nano Letters, 2015
  16. H. Park, X. Li, S. Lai, D. Chen, K. Blinn, M. Liu, S. Choi, M. Liu*, S. Park*, and L.A. Bottomley*, Electrostatic Force Microscopic Characterization of Early Stage Carbon Deposition on Nickel Anodes in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells , Nano Letters , 2015 | DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02237.
  17. B. Zhao, R. Ran, M. Liu*, and Z. Shao*, A comprehensive review of Li4Ti5O12-based electrodes for lithium-ion batteries: the latest advancements and future perspectives, Materials Science and Engineering Report , 2015 | doi:10.1016/j.mser.2015.10.001
  18. F. Zheng, C. Yang*, X. Xiong, J. Xiong, R. Hu, Y. Chen, M. Liu*, Nanoscale Surface Modification of Lithium-Rich Layered-Oxide Composite Cathodes for Suppressing Voltage Fade, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2015, 54, 1-6. | DOI: 10.1002/anie.201506408.
  19. Renzong Hu, Gordon Henry Waller, Yukun Wang, Yu Chen, Chenghao Yang, Weijia Zhou, Min Zhu*, and Meilin Liu*, Cu6Sn5@SnO2-C nanocomposite with stable core/shell structure as a high reversible anode for Li-ion batteries , Nano Energy , 2015 | DOI:10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.10.037
  20. X. Xiong, G. Waller, D. Ding, D. Chen, B. Rainwater, B. Zhao, Z. Wang, M. Liu*, Controlled synthesis of NiCo2S4 nanostructured arrays on carbon fiber paper for high-performance pseudocapacitors, Nano Energy, 16, 71-80, 2015 | doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.06.018
  21. Liang Huang, Gordon Henry Waller, Yong Ding, Pinxian Xi, Dong Ding, Zhong Lin Wang, Meilin Liu*, "Controllable interior structure of ZnCo2O4 microspheres for high performance lithium ion batteries", Nano Energy, 11, 64-70, 2015.
  22. Xunhui Xiong, Dong Ding, Dongchang Chen, Gordon Waller, Yunfei Bu, Zhixing Wang, Meilin Liu*, "Three-dimensional ultrathin Ni(OH)2 nanosheets grown on nickel foam for high-performance supercapacitors", Nano Energy, 11, 154-161, 2015.
  23. C Yang, J Li, Y Lin, J Liu, F Chen, M Liu, In situ fabrication of CoFe alloy nanoparticles structured (Pr0.4Sr0.6)3(Fe0.85Nb0.15)2O7 ceramic anode for direct hydrocarbon solid oxide fuel cells, Nano Energy 11, 704-710, 2015.
  24. X Ji, S Cheng, L Yang, Y Jiang, Z Jiang, C Yang, H Zhang, M Liu, Phase transition–induced electrochemical performance enhancement of hierarchical CoCO3/CoO nanostructure for pseudocapacitor electrode, Nano Energy 11, 736-745, 2015. 
  25. Min-Kyu Song, Huiping Li, Jinhuan Li, Dan Zhao, Jenghan Wang, and Meilin Liu*, " Tetrazole-based, Anhydrous Proton Exchange Membranes for Fuel Cells " Advanced Materials, 2014, 26, 1277–1282. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201304121
  26. Dong Ding, Xiaxi Li, Samson Lai, Kirk Gerdes, and Meilin Liu, "Enhancing SOFC Cathode Performance by Surface Modification through Infiltration " Energy Environ. Sci, 2014, 7, 552-575. DOI: 10.1039/c3ee42926a.
  27. Xiaxi Li, Jung-Pil Lee, Kevin Blinn, Dongchang Chen, Seungmin Yoo, Bin Kang, Lawrence A. Bottomley, Mostafa A. El-Sayed, Soojin Park and Meilin Liu* , "High-temperature surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy for in situ study of solid oxide fuel cell materials" Energy Environ. Sci, (2014) 7, 306-310.
  28. WM Harris, JJ Lombardo, GJ Nelson, B Lai, S Wang, J Vila-Comamala, M. Liu, W. Chiu, Three-Dimensional Microstructural Imaging of Sulfur Poisoning-Induced Degradation in a Ni-YSZ Anode of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Scientific reports (2014) 4 : 5246 (2014) | DOI: 10.1038/srep05246.
  29. S Cheng, L Yang, D Chen, X Ji, Z Jiang, D Ding, M Liu, Phase evolution of an alpha MnO2 based electrode for pseudo-capacitors probed by in operando Raman spectroscopy, Nano Energy  9, 161-167 (2014) 9, 161-167 | DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.07.008
  30. Liang Huang, Gordon Henry Waller, Yong Ding, Pinxian Xi, Dong Ding, Zhong Lin Wang, Meilin Liu*, "Controllable interior structure of ZnCo2O4 microspheres for high performance lithium ion batteries", Nano Energy, 11, 64-70, 2015.
  31. Xunhui Xiong, Dong Ding, Dongchang Chen, Gordon Waller, Yunfei Bu, Zhixing Wang, Meilin Liu*, "Three-dimensional ultrathin Ni(OH)2 nanosheets grown on nickel foam for high-performance supercapacitors", Nano Energy, 11, 154-161, 2015.