Dr. Liu's primary interests lie in fundamental understanding of the effect of structure, defects, and microstructure on transport and electrical properties of surfaces and interfaces. In particular, he is interested in developing new materials for energy storage and conversion, for chemical sensing, and for hydrogen production and separation In addition, he is interested in mathematical modeling of mass and charge transport in solid electrochemical systems and polarization at interfaces.

Dr. Liu's current research activities include (1) in-situ characterization of gas-solid interactions using FTIR/Raman spectromicroscopy, impedance spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry; (2) study of transport phenomena and kinetics in ionic and electronic conductors and the effect of imperfections on electrophysical and electrochemical properties; (3) fabrication and characterization of ceramic membranes, thin films, and coatings; mesoporous and nanostructured electrodes and interfaces; and solid-state ionic devices; and (4) development of new materials for high-selectivity gas sensors, for high-energy-density batteries, for low-temperature solid-state fuel cells, and for high temperature PEM fuel cells.

Dr. Liu holds 20 U.S. patents and a number of patent applications, co-edited seven proceedings volumes, and published more than 250 papers in reputed journals, book chapter, and conference proceedings. He has also been the co-organizer of 11 international symposia/workshops on materials for energy storage and conversion devices, sensors, and gas separation.

Dr. Liu is a fellow of the American Ceramic Society (ACerS) and the Electrochemical Society (ECS). He is the recipient of a Ross Coffin Purdy Award (American Ceramic Society, 2010), an NASA Tech Brief Award (2007), an invited participant, US-Japan Frontiers of Engineering (National Academy of Engineering, 2007); a Crystal Flame Innovation Award in Research (FuelCell South, 2005); an Outstanding Achievement in Research Program Development Award (Georgia Tech, 2003), A Sustained Research Award (Sigma Xi, 2003), a senior Teaching Fellow (Georgia Tech, 2002), a Best Faculty Paper Award (Sigma Xi, 2001), an Outstanding Faculty Research Author Award (Georgia Tech, 1999), an invited participant, Frontiers of Engineering (National Academy of Engineering, 1997), a Best MS Thesis Advisor Award (Sigma Xi, 1996), a National Young Investigator Award (NSF, 1993-98), and a Scholastic Achievement Award (Golden Gate Chapter of ASM, 1986).

Research Challenges:
Education:
  • B.S. Materials Science & Engineering, 1982, South China Institute of Technology
  • M.S. Materials Science & Engineering, 1986, University of California, Berkeley
  • Ph.D. Materials Science & Engineering, 1989, University of California, Berkeley
Research Keywords:
batteries,fuel cells,energy storage,energy conversion,nanomaterials,ionic conductors,electrodes
  • Samson Lai
  • Dongchang Chen

Researcher ID: http://www.researcherid.com/rid/E-5782-2010

Google Scholar Citations: http://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&user=1YvZ8LAAAAAJ&view_op=list_works&is_public_preview=1

Review Articles

  1. Yubo Chen, Wei Zhou, Dong Ding, Meilin Liu*, Francesco Ciucci, Moses Tade, and Zongping Shao*, Advances in cathode materials for solid oxide fuel cells: complex oxides without alkaline earth metal elements, Advanced Energy Materials, 2015, 5, 1500537. DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201500537
  2. B. Zhao, R. Ran, M. Liu*, and Z. Shao*, A comprehensive review of Li4Ti5O12-based electrodes for lithium-ion batteries: the latest advancements and future perspectives, Materials Science and Engineering Report , 2015 | doi:10.1016/j.mser.2015.10.001
  3. Chao Su, Wei Wang, Meilin Liu*, Moses O. Tade, and Zongping Shao*, Progress and Prospects in Symmetrical Solid Oxide Fuel Cells with Two Identical Electrodes, Advanced Energy Materials, 2015 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201500188
  4. Dong Ding, Xiaxi Li, Samson Lai, Kirk Gerdes, and Meilin Liu*, Enhancing SOFC Cathode Performance by Surface Modification through Infiltration, Energy Environ. Sci. , 2014, 7, 552-575.
  5. Ruiguo Cao, Jang-Soo Lee, Meilin Liu*, and Jaephil Cho*, Recent Progress in Non-precious Catalysts for Metal-air Batteries, Advanced Energy Materials, 2012, 2, 816-829.
  6. Meilin Liu, M. Lynch, K. Blinn, F. Alamgir, and Y. Choi, “Rational SOFC Material Design: New Advances and Tools”, Materials Today, November, 2011, Vol. 14, 534-546.
  7. M. K. Song, S. J. Park, F. Alamgir, J. P. Cho, and Meilin Liu, “Nanostructured Electrodes for Li-Ion and Li-Air Batteries: the Latest Development, Challenges, and Perspectives”, Materials Science Engineering: R: Reports, 2011, 72, 203-252. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mser.2011.06.001.
  8. Z. Cheng, J. H. Wang, Y. M. Choi, L. Yang, M. C. Lin, and Meilin Liu, “From Ni-YSZ to Sulfur-Tolerant Anodes: Electrochemical Behavior, Modeling, In Situ Characterization, and Perspectives”, Energy and Environmental SciencePerspective Review, 2011, 4, 4380-4409. DOI:10.1039/C1EE01758F.
  9. J. S. Lee, S. T. Kim, R. G. Cao, N. S. Choi, Meilin Liu. K. T. Lee, J. Cho, “Metal–Air Batteries with High Energy Density: Li–Air versus Zn–Air”, Advanced Energy Materials1(1), 34-50, 2011. (DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201000010).
  10. L. Besra and Meilin Liu, “A review on fundamentals and applications of electrophoretic deposition (EPD)”, Progress in Materials Science, 52, 1-61, 2007.
  11. Y. M. Choi, D. S. Mebane, J.-H. Wang, Meilin Liu, "Continuum and Quantum-Chemical Modeling of Oxygen Reduction on the Cathode in a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell," Topics in Catalysis46 (3-4), 386-401 (2007).

Book Chapters

1. Chendong Zuo, Mingfei Liu, and Meilin Liu, Chapter 2 - Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, in Sol-Gel Processing for Conventional and Alternative Energy, Advances in Sol-Gel Derived Materials and Technology (Editor: Lisa Klein), Springer Science, NY 2012. pp. 7-36. ISBN 978-1-4614-1956-3; e-SBN 978-1-4614-1957-0; DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-1957-0

2. Heon-Cheol Shin and Meilin Liu, “Preparation of Hierarchial (Nano/Meso/Macro) Porous Structures Using Electrochemical Deposition”, in Progress in Corrosion Science and Engineering IIModern Aspects of Electrochemistry, 2012, Chapter 4, Volume 47, 297-330, DOI:10.1007/978-1-4419-6678-4_4

3. J. H. Wang, Y. M. Choi, and M. Liu, "Quantum Chemical Calculations of Surface and Interfacial Reactions in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells," In Quantum Chemical Calculations of Surfaces and Interfaces of Materials (Editors: V. A. Basiuk and P. Ugliengo), Chapter 14, p. 289-304, American Scientific Publishers, Los Angeles 2009.

4. Ying Liu and Meilin Liu, “Nanostructured Electrodes Prepared by Combustion CVD for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Lithium-Ion Batteries, and Gas Sensors”, in Nanomaterials for Energy Storage Applications (Editor: Hari Singh Nalwa), Chapter 4, p. 130-155, American Scientific Publishers, Los Angeles 2009.

5. Z. Cheng, J. H. Wang, and M. Liu, “Anodes”, in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Materials Properties and Performance (Editors: J. W. Fergus, R. Hui, X. G. Li, D. P. Wilkinson, and J. J. Zhang), Chapter 2, p.73-130, CRC Press 2008.

6. Zhong Shi and Meilin Liu, “Electrical and Electrochemical Analysis of Nanophase Materials”, In Characterization of Nanophase Materials (Editor: Z. L. Wang), Chapter 6, p. 165-197, Wiley-VCH, Germany, 2000.

Other Selected Publications

  1. Renzong Hu, Dongchang Chen, Gordon Waller, Yunpeng Ouyang, Yu Chen, Bote Zhao, Ben Rainwater, Chenghao Yang, Min Zhu,* Meilin Liu*, Dramatically enhanced reversibility of Li2O in SnO2-basedelectrodes: the effect of nanostructure on high initial reversible capacity, Energy Environ. Sci.,9, 595-603 (2016).
  2. Chen, Dongchang, Xunhui Xiong, Bote Zhao, Mahmoud A. Mahmoud, Mostafa A. El‐Sayed, and Meilin Liu. "Probing Structural Evolution and Charge Storage Mechanism of NiO2Hx Electrode Materials using In Operando Resonance Raman Spectroscopy." Advanced Science 2016, 1500433. DOI: 10.1002/advs.201500433
  3. Xiaomin Xu, Yubo Chen, Wei Zhou, Zhonghua Zhu, Chao Su, Meilin Liu*, Zongping Shao*, “A Perovskite Electrocatalyst for Efficient Hydrogen Evolution Reaction” Advanced Materials (2016).
  4. Bote Zhao, Xiang Deng, Ran Ran, Meilin Liu, and Zongping Shao. "Facile Synthesis of a 3D Nanoarchitectured Li4Ti5O12 Electrode for Ultrafast Energy Storage", Advanced Energy Materials, 6, no. 4 (2016).
  5. Wu, Jiabin, Xiang Gao, Huimin Yu, Tianpeng Ding, Yixin Yan, Bin Yao, Xu Yao, Dongchang Chen, Meilin Liu, and Liang Huang. "A Scalable Free‐Standing V2O5/CNT Film Electrode for Supercapacitors with a Wide Operation Voltage (1.6 V) in an Aqueous Electrolyte." Advanced Functional Materials (2016).
  6. Zhu, Liang, Yu Liu, Chao Su, Wei Zhou, Meilin Liu, and Zongping Shao. "Perovskite SrCo0. 9Nb0. 1O3− δ as an Anion‐Intercalated Electrode Material for Supercapacitors with Ultrahigh Volumetric Energy Density." Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed.(2016).
  7. Chen, Yu, Yunfei Bu, Bote Zhao, Yanxiang Zhang, Dong Ding, Renzong Hu, Tao Wei et al. "A durable, high-performance hollow-nanofiber cathode for intermediate-temperature fuel cells." Nano Energy 26 (2016): 90-99.
  8. Chong Qu, Yang Jiao, Bote Zhao, Dongchang Chen, Ruqiang Zou, Krista S. Walton,  Meilin Liu “Nickel-based pillared MOFs for high-performance supercapacitors: design, synthesis and stability study”, Nano Energy, (2016): 66-73.
  9. Xunhui Xiong, Bote Zhao, Dong Ding, Dongchang Chen, Chenghao Yang, Yong Lei, Meilin Liu,* “One-step synthesis of architectural Ni3S2 nanosheet-on-nanorods array as high-performance electrodes for supercapacitors”, NPG Asia Materials, (2016)
  10. Hu, Renzong, Yunpeng Ouyang, Dongchang Chen, Hui Wang, Yu Chen, Min Zhu, and Meilin Liu. "Inhibiting Sn coarsening to enhance the reversibility of conversion reaction in lithiated SnO 2 anodes by application of super-elastic NiTi films." Acta Materialia 109 (2016): 248-258.
  11. Y. Qin, J. Yuan, J. Li, D. Chen, Y. Kong, F. Chu, Y. Tao, M. Liu*, Crosslinking Graphene Oxide into Robust Three-dimensional Porous N-doped Graphene, Advanced Materials, 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/adma.20150173.Y. Zhu, W. Zhou, Y. Chen, J. Yu, M. Liu* and Z. Shao*, A High-Performance Electrocatalyst
  12. for Oxygen Evolution Reaction: LiCo0.8Fe0.2O2, Advanced Materials, 2015 | 10.1002/adma.201503532
  13. Yubo Chen, Wei Zhou, Dong Ding, Meilin Liu*, Francesco Ciucci, Moses Tade, and Zongping Shao*, Advances in cathode materials for solid oxide fuel cells: complex oxides without alkaline earth metal elements, Advanced Energy Materials, 2015, 5, 1500537. DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201500537
  14. Chao Su, Wei Wang, Meilin Liu*, Moses O. Tade, and Zongping Shao*, Progress and Prospects in Symmetrical Solid Oxide Fuel Cells with Two Identical Electrodes, Advanced Energy Materials, 2015 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201500188
  15. Yinlong Zhu, Wei Zhou*, Ran Ran, Yubo Chen, Zongping Shao, Meilin Liu*, Promotion of oxygen reduction by exsolved silver nanoparticles on a perovskite scaffold for low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells , Nano Letters, 2015
  16. H. Park, X. Li, S. Lai, D. Chen, K. Blinn, M. Liu, S. Choi, M. Liu*, S. Park*, and L.A. Bottomley*, Electrostatic Force Microscopic Characterization of Early Stage Carbon Deposition on Nickel Anodes in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells , Nano Letters , 2015 | DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02237.
  17. B. Zhao, R. Ran, M. Liu*, and Z. Shao*, A comprehensive review of Li4Ti5O12-based electrodes for lithium-ion batteries: the latest advancements and future perspectives, Materials Science and Engineering Report , 2015 | doi:10.1016/j.mser.2015.10.001
  18. F. Zheng, C. Yang*, X. Xiong, J. Xiong, R. Hu, Y. Chen, M. Liu*, Nanoscale Surface Modification of Lithium-Rich Layered-Oxide Composite Cathodes for Suppressing Voltage Fade, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2015, 54, 1-6. | DOI: 10.1002/anie.201506408.
  19. Renzong Hu, Gordon Henry Waller, Yukun Wang, Yu Chen, Chenghao Yang, Weijia Zhou, Min Zhu*, and Meilin Liu*, Cu6Sn5@SnO2-C nanocomposite with stable core/shell structure as a high reversible anode for Li-ion batteries , Nano Energy , 2015 | DOI:10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.10.037
  20. X. Xiong, G. Waller, D. Ding, D. Chen, B. Rainwater, B. Zhao, Z. Wang, M. Liu*, Controlled synthesis of NiCo2S4 nanostructured arrays on carbon fiber paper for high-performance pseudocapacitors, Nano Energy, 16, 71-80, 2015 | doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.06.018
  21. Liang Huang, Gordon Henry Waller, Yong Ding, Pinxian Xi, Dong Ding, Zhong Lin Wang, Meilin Liu*, "Controllable interior structure of ZnCo2O4 microspheres for high performance lithium ion batteries", Nano Energy, 11, 64-70, 2015.
  22. Xunhui Xiong, Dong Ding, Dongchang Chen, Gordon Waller, Yunfei Bu, Zhixing Wang, Meilin Liu*, "Three-dimensional ultrathin Ni(OH)2 nanosheets grown on nickel foam for high-performance supercapacitors", Nano Energy, 11, 154-161, 2015.
  23. C Yang, J Li, Y Lin, J Liu, F Chen, M Liu, In situ fabrication of CoFe alloy nanoparticles structured (Pr0.4Sr0.6)3(Fe0.85Nb0.15)2O7 ceramic anode for direct hydrocarbon solid oxide fuel cells, Nano Energy 11, 704-710, 2015.
  24. X Ji, S Cheng, L Yang, Y Jiang, Z Jiang, C Yang, H Zhang, M Liu, Phase transition–induced electrochemical performance enhancement of hierarchical CoCO3/CoO nanostructure for pseudocapacitor electrode, Nano Energy 11, 736-745, 2015. 
  25. Min-Kyu Song, Huiping Li, Jinhuan Li, Dan Zhao, Jenghan Wang, and Meilin Liu*, " Tetrazole-based, Anhydrous Proton Exchange Membranes for Fuel Cells " Advanced Materials, 2014, 26, 1277–1282. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201304121
  26. Dong Ding, Xiaxi Li, Samson Lai, Kirk Gerdes, and Meilin Liu, "Enhancing SOFC Cathode Performance by Surface Modification through Infiltration " Energy Environ. Sci, 2014, 7, 552-575. DOI: 10.1039/c3ee42926a.
  27. Xiaxi Li, Jung-Pil Lee, Kevin Blinn, Dongchang Chen, Seungmin Yoo, Bin Kang, Lawrence A. Bottomley, Mostafa A. El-Sayed, Soojin Park and Meilin Liu* , "High-temperature surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy for in situ study of solid oxide fuel cell materials" Energy Environ. Sci, (2014) 7, 306-310.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C3EE42462F.
  28. WM Harris, JJ Lombardo, GJ Nelson, B Lai, S Wang, J Vila-Comamala, M. Liu, W. Chiu, Three-Dimensional Microstructural Imaging of Sulfur Poisoning-Induced Degradation in a Ni-YSZ Anode of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Scientific reports (2014) 4 : 5246 (2014) | DOI: 10.1038/srep05246.
  29. S Cheng, L Yang, D Chen, X Ji, Z Jiang, D Ding, M Liu, Phase evolution of an alpha MnO2 based electrode for pseudo-capacitors probed by in operando Raman spectroscopy, Nano Energy  9, 161-167 (2014) 9, 161-167 | DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.07.008
  30. Liang Huang, Gordon Henry Waller, Yong Ding, Pinxian Xi, Dong Ding, Zhong Lin Wang, Meilin Liu*, "Controllable interior structure of ZnCo2O4 microspheres for high performance lithium ion batteries", Nano Energy, 11, 64-70, 2015.
  31. Xunhui Xiong, Dong Ding, Dongchang Chen, Gordon Waller, Yunfei Bu, Zhixing Wang, Meilin Liu*, "Three-dimensional ultrathin Ni(OH)2 nanosheets grown on nickel foam for high-performance supercapacitors", Nano Energy, 11, 154-161, 2015.